INNOVATION CLUSTER AS A MECHANISM FOR ENSURING THE ENTERPRISES INTERACTION IN THE INNOVATION SPHERE
Keywords:innovation cluster, state support of innovation cluster, competitiveness, enterprise-participant of cluster, enterprise-participant of clusters
International experience in managing the innovation development of national economies demonstrates the synthesis of scientific, industrial, economic and social policies in the form of specific entities – innovation clusters in order to create and active use of innovations. In its turn, the competitiveness of the modern economy is directly dependent on technological advances and organizational changes that contribute to the commercialization of the results of scientific and technological developments. In this regard, ensuring the effective functioning and development of innovative clusters that positively affect the competitiveness of the economy of any country in the world is of particular relevance. The aim of the study is to develop a methodology for assessing the effectiveness of the enterprises interaction in the innovation cluster for further planning of measures to improve its functioning. To achieve this goal, the following methods of scientific research were used: the method of comparison and synthesis; the econometric method; abstract-logical method; the graphic method. The methodology developed in the course of the study should be used in forming the directions of the development strategy of new cluster members, in adjusting the existing strategy to the acting clusters of enterprises and in developing measures aimed at increasing the effectiveness of their interaction.