Identity Retrieval and Development in the Conflict of Paradigmatic Dichotomy

  • Lina Bairašauskienė Klaipėda University, Lithuania
Keywords: identity, identity development, self-identification, the self


This article presents basic insights on the concept of identity unfolding the dichotomy of viewpoints on this social construct. The concept can be researched following logical, ontological, or epistemic perspectives. From the historic point of view identity retrieval was associated with the restructuration process of society that continued from the epochs of Renaissance and Enlightenment and has been emphasized in modern and postmodern changes. It should be noted that scientific debates highlight the dichotomy between two approaches to identity. The issue stands in regard to what degree and whether identities have been constructed by the individual who is independent to choose a set of identities (Kant) or the degree to which the identities have been determined culturally and individually (Hegel).
The variety of notions has made a proposition that identity is interrelated with social interaction which highly influences individual’s conceptualization of selfness and otherness. Thus, the conclusion that identity is socially constructed can be drawn after thorough literature review. What is more, identity can be negotiated through interactions between individuals that result in identity change, determination, defense or maintenance. The multiplicity of scientific approaches to identity proves the importance and actuality of debates on identity issues involving different viewpoints and argumentation concerning issues in educational sciences.

How to Cite
Bairašauskienė, L. (2019). Identity Retrieval and Development in the Conflict of Paradigmatic Dichotomy. Pedagogika, 135(3), 85-101.