HOTS-Oriented TPACK Survey Validation




HOTS, language teachers, survey development, TPACK, validation


This study aimed to validate a TPACK scale which was Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS)-oriented, engaging 145 in-service teachers in assessing their self-perceived technological competence in teaching. The AMOS application was used for the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis and the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) computation. The results demonstrated that the survey questions were valid and reliable (five validity indicators categorized as ‘fit’ and CFA Construct Reliability = 0.85).

Author Biographies

Siti Mina Tamah, Widya Mandala Surabaya Catholic University, Indonesia

Siti Mina Tamah is a full-timer at the English Department of Widya Mandala Surabaya Catholic University, Surabaya, Indonesia. She has great interest in language teaching methods. Her current research topics are related to Co-operative Learning and Assessment.

Anita Lie, Widya Mandala Surabaya Catholic University, Indonesia

Anita Lie is a professor at Widya Mandala Surabaya Catholic University and a consultant on school improvement in remote regions. Her research interests include teacher development and heritage language learning. In 2011, she was a research fellow at UC Berkeley. Her research on heritage language learning among Indonesian-Americans was funded by AIFIS. She got a 2018 Dedicated Scholar Award from She has published books and articles in scholarly journals as well as newspapers.




How to Cite

Tamah, S. M., Lie, A., Gozali, I., & Sari Hartanti, L. P. (2022). HOTS-Oriented TPACK Survey Validation. Pedagogika, 148(4), 184–206.