Building a House From Lego Blocks: Using Cross Cultural Validation to Develop the Constructed Motivation Questionnaire (CMQS) in Science
Keywords:motivation for learning science, validation, constructed questionnaires, factor analysis
This study focuses on constructing an instrument based on cross cultural validation. The constructed motivation questionnaire (CMQS) in science to measure student motivation. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were achieved with acceptable criteria. The reliability of latent factors in the CMQS ranges from 0.828 to 0.967. There is no significant bias based on gender. The details about assessment for all latent factors were discussed in the full article.
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