REALIZATION OF THE RIGHT TO WORK BY THE FORCIBLY DISPLACED PERSONS AS A CONDITION FOR THEIR INTEGRATION INTO HOST SOCIETIES IN THE EU COUNTRIES
Keywords:Directive 2001/55/EC, temporary protection, right to work, discrimination and migrants
The escalation of the conflict with Russia in Ukraine has led to the mass displacement of people from Ukraine saving themselves from the war. In most cases, displaced persons have found their safe haven in the EU countries. The massive influx of displaced persons has put on the agenda the need to review the EU policy in light of the activation of Directive 2001/55/EC on temporary asylum to better integrate massively displaced persons of different asylum statuses into the society of the host countries. This article aims to consider the realization of the right to work of massively displaced persons as a condition for integration into the host societies. First of all, the differences between refugees, economic migrants, and persons with temporary protection are considered, since they have certain differences and specific features being integrated into labor markets. It has been established that the key aspect of integration of refugees should be observance of the ideas of recognition and enforcement of universally recognized international human rights. The paper identifies the realization of the right to work as one of the key elements in implementing the integration of the displaced persons in the receiving states and determines that displaced persons have the potential to make a positive contribution to the receiving states, if they are integrated into the labor markets of the receiving states. The paper describes the need to realize the right to work, taking into account all the fundamental principles consistent with the concept of decent work. It also identifies the factors that negatively affect integration in the realization of the right to work, elimination thereof should be a key focus of the integration strategy for the displaced persons.
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