ANALYSIS OF THE TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION OF THE COWS BEARING AREA
Keywords:cowshed, cows, temperature
Today, economic conditions in the market encourage farmers to look for ways to produce quality produce at a low cost without polluting the environment. This leads to the search for new technologies that make it possible to strike a balance between criteria such as animal welfare, environmental protection and the cost of production. The research carried out reveals a new approach to housing conditions, constructional and technological solutions.
Cowshed ground and the surrounding soil temperature fluctuations have a seasonal nature, as the Lithuanian climate is characterized by temperature change in individual seasons. The cowshed experimental studies show that a significant influence on the ground soil temperature field has the animal radiant heat that transmits not only in the air but also on the ground soil through the floor. The highest temperature of the analyzed soil during the cold season is under the floor of the bearing housing. The temperature relationship of the floor of the bearing housing and the ground soil is especially evident in the coldest winter period. The cowshed floor and surrounding soil temperature measurements showed that the soil temperature field is in a constant dynamic state. The heat transfer, occurring between the outside of the building and the soil under the building as well as at the floor installed over them, is influenced by the external temperature regime.