INTERNATIONAL TRADE IMPACT ON GLOBAL WARMTH IN TEXTILE AND CLOTHING INDUSTRY
Keywords:international trade, carbon emissions, textile and clothing industry, globalization
In the last decade we can observe changes in the fashion industry due to the rising demand of textile and clothing products in Europe. We investigate its sustainability implications by re-calculating carbon emissions and addressing each countries responsibility rather than current traditional way of calculating CO2 emissions. A multi-regional input-output model is built to calculate carbon emissions embodied in trade in EU textile and clothing industry from 2000 to 2016. World Input-Output Database and other databases are used for the recounting of CO2 emissions embodied in EU textile and clothing international trade. The results show that 1) Germany and United Kingdom were biggest EU CO2 emission importers in 2000 and 2016 what makes them biggest contributors to global CO2 pollution in textile and clothing industry in Europe. 2) India and China has big direct emission coefficients and perform under low energy efficiency levels compared to Turkey 3) Higher direct carbon emission coefficient result in a higher CO2 imports. 4) Increasing textile and clothing products imports result in higher CO2 emission imports. Therefore in order to reduce carbon emissions producing countries should invest in “low-carbon” industries and might regulate textile and clothing products imports.