Te Peace Treaty of 1219 Between Lithuanian and Volhynian Dukes: Te Problems of Interpretation of the Text
Keywords:Duchy of Volynia, The Lithuanian State, peace treaty, diplomacy, diplomatics, state formation
Abstract. Te article discusses the peace treaty of 1219 between the Lithuanian and the Volhynian dukes retold in the Chronicle of Galicia-Volhynia, and reviews the historiography of this treaty. Te retold treaty is compared with contemporary and later treaties, proving that the treaty of 1219 must have been in a written form; the article also discusses its structure. Special attention is paid to the group of the Lithuanian frst fve dukes: based on the grammatical analysis of the formulas of the 13th–14th century treaties, the article concludes that the word старѣшеи, written in its forefront, applies only to Živinbutas, listed as the frst among the fve.