ANALYSIS OF THE OPTIMALITY OF THE KLAIPEDA COUNTY LANDSCAPE STRUCTURE
Keywords:landscape structure, optimal landscape, optimality class.
The aim of this study was to perform an analysis of the optimality of the landscape structure of Klaipeda County.
Various scientific methods were used in the study, namely: comparative, grouping, analytical, statistical data, graphical representation analysis. After calculating the formulas, the ratio of relatively natural and cultivated land in Klaipeda County and municipalities was determined, the relative deviation of the landscape structure from the optimal value of the ratio was estimated and the optimality class was determined.
The article presents an analysis of the changes in the natural, anthropogenized and anthropogenic landscape of the Klaipeda County during the time period between the years 2002 and 2021. It was found that in the analyzed period the area of natural landscape increased by 4.89 percent, that of anthropogenic - increased by 26.70 percent, that of anthropogenized - decreased by 4.99 percent. Assessing the structure of the county's landscape, it can be seen that in 2021 the largest part of the country's landscape was occupied by anthropogenized landscape (55.45 percent), the smallest - by anthropogenic landscape (6.57 percent), and the natural landscape accounted for 37.98 percent of Klaipeda County’s territory.
Calculations were also performed, which established that the ratio of relatively natural land and cultivated land in Klaipeda County Rns = 1.65. After estimating the relative deviation of the Klaipeda County from the optimal ratio value (Dr), it was obtained that Dr = 1.01, which means that the county's optimality class is A1.