PERSPECTIVES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE TERRITORY IN THE CONTEXT OF TERRITORY PLANNING DOCUMENTS: A CASE STUDY OF MOLĖTAI DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY
Keywords:territory planning, general plan, territory planning documents, territory development, muticriteria analysis
Territory planning is a rather complex process involving the combination of the necessary economic, social, cultural and ecological policy expressions related to land use policy. This process is quite complex and lengthy due to the large number of interests involved, which inevitably leads to conflicts, inconsistencies in the solutions of territory planning documents at various levels or inconsistencies in the current territory planning situation with the solutions of territory planning documents. The aim of this article is to analyze the development perspectives of Molėtai district municipality territory in the context of territory planning documents. Molėtai district municipality was chosen as one of the research objects as one of the 15 Lithuanian municipalities with exceptional landscape and recreational characteristics. After the comparative analysis of the functional zoning solutions of the general plan (hereinafter - GP) and general plan correction territories of 11 Molėtai district elderships, it was established that no significant changes have been identified in the regulation of the use of the territory. Meanwhile, after analyzing the compliance of the actual land use of the Molėtai district territory with the solutions of the GP correction, land use and protection regulations drawing, it was found that recreational areas around Lake Pagulbis in Alanta eldership are planned, however, according to the current situation the area is dominated by swamps and isolated tree massifs. In the territories of Giedraičiai and Joniškis elderships, according to the solutions provided in the GP correction, the territories are intended for intensive agricultural activities, but they are dominated by forests. The analysis of the development perspectives of the territories of individual elderships revealed that it is expedient to develop intensive agriculture in Joniškis, Balninkai and Alanta elderships. Extensive agriculture - in Balninkai, Alanta and Giedraičiai elderships. Mindūnai, Čiulėnai and Videniškės elderships are promising for the development of forest territories. It is most expedient to develop recreation in Mindūnai, Čiulėnai and Dubingiai elderships. Comparing the obtained results with the GP correction solutions and the actual use of the territories in the area, it was established that at least one of the functional areas of the territories regulated in the GP correction coincides with the actual use of the territories and the territory development perspective. The biggest discrepancy between the regulated, existing and perspective use of the territories was found in Videniškiai, Dubingiai and Giedraičiai elderships. Meanwhile, in Mindūnai, Joniškis and Balninkai elderships, the actual use of territories is regulated in the correction of the GP, most in line with the planned perspectives of territory development.