INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT TILLAGE AND SOWING METHODS ON BEAN CROP
Keywords:beans, tillage, sowing methods, weedness, crop density, yield
granulometric composition, the soil of the study site belongs to dusty light loam (dp). The purpose of the study: to determine the influence of different tillage depths and sowing methods on bean weediness and productivity. The experiment was conducted according to a two-factor research design. Factor A - different tillage: 1. Simplified, 2. Strip; Factor B - working depth: 1. 15 cm, 2. 20 cm, 3. 25 cm, 4. 30 cm. The field was divided into eight equal parts of 39.6 acres, in which the variants are arranged randomly. After that, further split into four repetitions.
After the research, it was found that the beans sprouted best when using a simplified tillage technology and tilling the soil at a depth of 30 cm. After evaluating the average number of pods per plant, it was observed that this indicator does not differ significantly. The yield of beans was significantly higher with the application of simplified tillage technology and soil tillage at a depth of 30 cm. After determining the infection of the crop with the common bellflower, it can be said that the amount of perennial weeds is significantly higher in strip tillage.