STATE CONTROL OF LAND USE IN 2010 - 2020
Keywords:state control, state land, land use violations, scheduled inspections, unscheduled inspections
The aim of this scientific article is to analyze statistical data on land use in Lithuanian counties and to assess land use violations in the period 2010-2020. Literature sources and authors' thoughts on this topic as well as legal documents regulating state land use control were analyzed and summarized.
In the final work, the empirical study of land use is performed in three stages.
In the first stage, statistical data on the Lithuanian land fund, distribution of land use in Lithuanian counties are analyzed: total land use in Lithuania, distribution of land use by land, registration of land plots in the real estate register. Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipėda and Šiauliai counties were selected for the study.
In the second stage, the statistical data of the state control of land use are analyzed: priority directions of inspections, indicators of planned and unscheduled inspections, number of planned inspections by priority areas and regions.
In the third stage, the data of land use violations are analyzed: violations for which administrative liability is provided, the nature of violations, recording of violations in separate regions of the country.
In this work, the evaluation of the land fund of selected Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipėda and Šiauliai counties in the period of 2010–2020 was performed. After analyzing the statistical data in the counties selected for the survey, the land fund land use maintained similar trends in all counties: the land area of the garden decreased in all counties, but the area of built-up areas increased significantly in all counties. During the study period, the area of forest land in the analyzed counties also maintained the growth trend. Unused land use has also declined in all counties. It was found that the decrease in the area of garden lands was determined by the situation that the society is increasingly moving to live in garden areas, but is not engaged in economic activities, therefore the purpose of gardens is changing. The increase in the area of built-up areas in the analyzed counties may have been determined by the development of the construction sector and infrastructure. The analysis of land use control and violations revealed that the number of inspections is increasing every year, but the volume of violations is also growing in all counties. The main violations are related to improper use of land, as well as illegal construction of landmarks.