• Virginija Klimukienė Vilnius University
  • Alfredas Laurinavičius Vilnius University
  • Ilona Laurinaitytė Vilnius University
  • Laura Ustinavičiūtė Vilnius University
  • Mykolas Baltrūnas Vilnius University
Keywords: Youth delinquency, Risk of Adverse Outcomes, Strengths, Vulnerabilities


The Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability: Adolescent Version (START:AV, Viljoen, Nicholls, Cruise, Desmarais, & Webster, 2014) provides a structural professional judgement on the risk of adverse outcomes related to harm to others and rule violations. The advantage of START:AV is in that it includes the assessment of both strengths and vulnerabilities. As it is a relatively new assessment tool, the questions related to psychometric properties of the measure are still topical, especially in intercultural context. The reliability and convergent validity of START:AV ratings were examined in a sample of 159 male juveniles (Mage = 16.97, SD = 0.81) on probation. Information about the psychosocial functioning of the minors was collected during interviews with probation officers and rated by the researchers according to the START:AV User Guide. The Subtypes of Antisocial Behaviour (STAB; Burt & Donnellan, 2009), the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure (TriPM; Patrick, 2010), the Criminal Sentiments Scale – Modified (CSS-M; Shields & Simourd, 1991) and the Measure of Criminal Social Identity (MCSI, Boduszek, Adamson, Shevlin, & Hyland, 2012) were used as a convergent measures in this study. Results provided evidence for the reliability of the START:AV ratings and associations between behavioural variables, psychopathy constructs and START:AV are in favour of its concurrent validity. Pro-criminal attitudes were not associated with START:AV ratings and further research is needed to test the manifestation of pro-criminal attitudes among juvenile offenders on probation. These findings support for further testing the START:AV on its predictive validity as well as utility in work with juvenile offenders.


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