CONNECTION AND EVALUATION OF ECONOMIC RESULTS AND GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS IN AGRICULTURE
Keywords:economic performance, agriculture, GHG emissions, environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis
The article discusses the most important indicators measuring the economic performance of agriculture and the factors influencing these results, the sources of greenhouse gas emissions in agriculture and their factors, reveals the tools used to assess the relationship between agricultural economic performance and greenhouse gas emissions. Gross value added and its derivatives have been identified as the most important indicators for measuring economic value in agriculture. The main drivers of economic growth have been identified as productive and human capital, labor resources and foreign investment. Agricultural emissions are related to agricultural soil management, animal husbandry, rice production and biomass combustion. Economic growth also contributes to greenhouse gas emissions, and the environmental Kuznets curve establishes a hypothetical inverse U-link between economic growth and environmental degradation. In the early stages of economic growth, the EKC shows an increase in pollution due to increasing resource use. However, once a certain level of per capita income is reached, the trend changes and, at a higher stage of development, further economic growth leads to an improvement in the environment. According to researchers, this means that the environmental impact indicator is an inverted function of U-shaped per capita income.