Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development https://ejournals.vdu.lt/index.php/mtsrbid <p style="text-align: justify;">Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development is the international, peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Vytautas Magnus University Agriculture Academy the leading institution of research in agricultural &amp; rural business management&nbsp; and bioeconomy in Lithuania.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>All the previous issues of the journal could be found </strong><a href="http://mts.asu.lt/mtsrbid/issue/archive"><strong>here</strong></a>.</p> Vytautas Magnus University Agriculture Academy en-US Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 2345-0355 TITLE, CONTENTS, REVIEWERS https://ejournals.vdu.lt/index.php/mtsrbid/article/view/929 <p><strong>REVIEWERS/RECENZENTAI</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>ATKOČIŪNIENĖ Vilma </strong>prof., Agriculture Academy of Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania</p> <p><strong>CARUSO Donatello</strong> PhD, University of Foggia, Italy</p> <p><strong>CHEREVKO Heorhiy</strong> Prof. Dr Sc.&nbsp;&nbsp; Department of Economics and International Economic Relations&nbsp; Institute of Economics and Finance&nbsp; Rzheshov University, Poland</p> <p><strong>DEHTJARE Jevgenija</strong> Dr. oec., wice-rector ISMA, Latvia</p> <p><strong>GENEROWICZ Agnieszka </strong>Doctor of Science, Professor, Cracow University of Technology, Poland</p> <p><strong>FELTYNOWSKI Marcin </strong>Dr. hab. University of Lodz, Poland.</p> <p><strong>GOLUBEVA Oksana</strong> PhD, Associate Professor of POLOTSK STATE UNIVERSIT, Belarus</p> <p><strong>KIAUŠIENĖ Ilona</strong>, doc. dr. Agriculture Academy of Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania</p> <p><strong>MARCINKEVIČIŪTĖ Lina</strong> Agriculture Academy of Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania</p> <p><strong>NOVIKOVA Anastasija</strong> prof., Agriculture Academy of Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania</p> <p><strong>OSMAN Titrek</strong> Prof., Dr., Sakarya University, Turkey</p> <p><strong>PAKELTIENĖ Rasa</strong>, dr., Agriculture Academy of Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania</p> <p><strong>RAIŠIENĖ Agota Giedrė</strong> Dr. Mykolas Romeris University, Lithuania</p> <p><strong>RAUPELIENĖ Asta </strong>prof., Agriculture Academy of Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania</p> <p><strong>TAMULIENĖ Vilma </strong>assoc. prof., Agriculture Academy of Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania</p> <p><strong>TUMALAVIČIUS Vladas</strong> Dr. Lietuvos Respublikos Krašto Apsaugos Ministerija Generolo Jono Žemaičio Lietuvos Karo Akademija, Lithuania</p> <p><strong>URMONIENĖ Daiva</strong> dr., Agriculture Academy of Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania</p> <p><strong>VAZNONIENĖ Gintarė</strong>, doc. dr., Agriculture Academy of Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania</p> <p><strong>WIDELSKA Urszula </strong>Lomza State University of Applied Sciences, Poland</p> <p><strong>ZALECKIENĖ Jurgita </strong>doc. dr., Agriculture Academy of Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania</p> Rasa Pakeltienė Copyright (c) 2019 Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 41 4 METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE EVALUATION OF AGRICULTURAL BUSINESS SYSTEM FLEXIBILITY https://ejournals.vdu.lt/index.php/mtsrbid/article/view/342 <p>Agricultural business depends not only on financial and economic factors, but also on natural and climatic conditions, which necessitates continuous development, which is based on adaptation to unpredictable and random conditions of the internal and external environment. The goal is to develop a methodological approach to assessing agricultural business system flexibility, which will provide an opportunity to study the ability of agricultural producers of various sizes to adapt to unpredictable changes, taking into account the internal and external environment. On the basis of a comparative analysis of modern approaches to the definition of flexibility, a definition of the concept of “flexibility of business systems” is proposed. The method of evaluation of agricultural business system flexibility has been developed that includes operational, structural, and strategic flexibility.</p> Oleg Skydan Olga Nykolyuk Petro Pyvovar Ivan Martynchuk Copyright (c) 2019 Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 2020-01-05 2020-01-05 41 4 444 462 10.15544/mts.2019.36 MONITORING OF FOOD SECURITY AT REGIONAL LEVEL https://ejournals.vdu.lt/index.php/mtsrbid/article/view/399 <p>Ukraine does not have a methodological approach to the food security monitoring, including the regional level, which should meet the criteria and dimensions of the GSDs-2030.</p> <p>The purpose of the article: to identify problems in the field of food security in each particular region based on to carry out an integral assessment of the of food security in accordance with the criteria and measurements of the GSDs -2030.</p> <p>Methodological approach to the food security monitoring at the regional level involves making calculations of the regional rating on each indicator and calculating the overall rating.</p> <p>Proposed methodological approach to monitoring and assessing food security at the regional level, appropriate calculations and proposals were made.</p> Olena Kotykova Mykola Babych Iryna Semenchuk Copyright (c) 2019 Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 2020-01-05 2020-01-05 41 4 463 473 10.15544/mts.2019.37 MODELING THE SYSTEM OF SOCIAL STABILITY THROUGH THE FOOD SAFETY PARADIGM https://ejournals.vdu.lt/index.php/mtsrbid/article/view/402 <p>On a country-wide scale, the problem of food security is closely connected with the general doctrine of national security. The article analyzes the causes and factors of the features and patterns of food security issues as a component of international economic security; the essence and content of food security as an integral part of socio-economic development in the context of international economic security are presented. The purpose of the article is to determine the influence of economic and social factors on the level of food security of the population. The methodic of work is based on the construction of a correlation-regression model of the influence of a certain range of factors on food safety of households in the context of providing social stability. During the study it was used the information obtained from official statistical sources and respondents survey. The results of the study represent the dependence of the food security of the population of Italy and Ukraine on such factors as the level of income, the importance of value when choosing products, the availability of family members who are starving, etc.</p> Anna Burkovska Federica Ciccullo Olena Shebanina Tatyana Lunkina Alla Burkovska Copyright (c) 2019 Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 2020-01-05 2020-01-05 41 4 474 486 10.15544/mts.2019.38 INNOVATION CLUSTER AS A MECHANISM FOR ENSURING THE ENTERPRISES INTERACTION IN THE INNOVATION SPHERE https://ejournals.vdu.lt/index.php/mtsrbid/article/view/418 <p>International experience in managing the innovation development of national economies demonstrates the synthesis of scientific, industrial, economic and social policies in the form of specific entities – innovation clusters in order to create and active use of innovations. In its turn, the competitiveness of the modern economy is directly dependent on technological advances and organizational changes that contribute to the commercialization of the results of scientific and technological developments. In this regard, ensuring the effective functioning and development of innovative clusters that positively affect the competitiveness of the economy of any country in the world is of particular relevance. The aim of the study is to develop a methodology for assessing the effectiveness of the enterprises interaction in the innovation cluster for further planning of measures to improve its functioning. To achieve this goal, the following methods of scientific research were used: the method of comparison and synthesis; the econometric method; abstract-logical method; the graphic method. The methodology developed in the course of the study should be used in forming the directions of the development strategy of new cluster members, in adjusting the existing strategy to the acting clusters of enterprises and in developing measures aimed at increasing the effectiveness of their interaction.</p> Ihor Kuksa Iryna Shtuler Olga Orlova-Kurilova Iryna Hnatenko Viktoriia Rubezhanska Copyright (c) 2019 Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 41 4 487 500 10.15544/mts.2019.39 GREENING THE SUPPLY CHAIN IN CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY https://ejournals.vdu.lt/index.php/mtsrbid/article/view/512 <p><em>A feature of the development of the modern global economy is the strengthening of social responsibility of business. All entrepreneurial activity is carried out taking into account the interests of society, the team, nature. The article analyzes the current trends in greening the business, including the supply chains of leading companies in the world. The main indicators of environmental sustainability of supply chains are highlighted. The growing importance of social responsibility in the activities of companies, its implementation along the whole chain is proved. An analysis of the most common sustainability ratings of global companies confirmed that social responsibility has an increasing trend, becoming an important characteristic of modern business and a powerful competitive advantage.</em></p> Liudmyla Tsymbal Iryna Kalenyuk Rustam Aslanzade Copyright (c) 2019 Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 2020-01-05 2020-01-05 41 4 501 510 10.15544/mts.2019.40 ECONOMIC AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK OF PROMOTION OF FAMILY FARMING https://ejournals.vdu.lt/index.php/mtsrbid/article/view/550 <p>Family farming is the world’s most popular and widespread form of farming. However, this category of agricultural producers officially exists in Ukraine only since 2016. Notwithstanding the fact that the legal framework for regulation of activity of family farms has already been developed, the process of establishment of such farms remains very slow. Therefore, the main objective of this article is to investigate the economic and legal framework for promotion of family farming. For this purpose, the technical legal method was used to analyze the regulatory framework of establishment and operation of family farms and the social method was used to discover reasons that hinder the process of evolvement of family farms. The use of the forecasting method enabled us to identify the activities that can stimulate creation of such farms, such as development and approval of financial support schemes, access to markets and land resources, information support, tax preferences, etc.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Yuliya Koverko Vasyl Andriyiv Galyna Martynyshyn Copyright (c) 2019 Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 41 4 511 519 10.15544/mts.2019.41 DIFFERENCES OF CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR REGARDING PLASTIC USAGE https://ejournals.vdu.lt/index.php/mtsrbid/article/view/827 <p>The growth of plastic packaging waste and the need to manage it determine the relevance of this research.&nbsp;The problem is the lack of information about consumers’ behavior regarding usage and wastage of plastic packaging in certain groups according to age, gender, incomes, and education in Lithuania. The purpose of the research is to investigate consumer behavior in the purchase process regarding the choice of plastic usage.Quantitative sampling was used to gather data from 641 respondent – consumers&nbsp;who regularly are shopping at the grocery stores for food.&nbsp;The research results revealed statistically significant differences in consumer behavior in the purchase process regarding the choice of plastic usage among gender, age, education level, and incomes.</p> Laima Jeseviciute-Ufartiene Copyright (c) 2019 Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 2020-01-05 2020-01-05 41 4 520 526 10.15544/mts.2019.42 THE DYNAMICS OF EUROPEAN PERIPHERY https://ejournals.vdu.lt/index.php/mtsrbid/article/view/830 <p>The paper investigates the economic dynamics of peripheral regions in Europe. There are no consensus among researchers and practitioners concerning the long-term trends of spatial disproportions among European regions. Though there are obvious evidences of inter-national convergence in the EU, the inter-regional convergence is still a challenge. Thus, territorial cohesion and balanced regional development becomes the main tasks of the EU Territorial Agenda.</p> <p>The main purpose of the paper is to inspect the ability of peripheral regions to demonstrate the tendency for anticipatory growth. The authors investigate the theoretical backgrounds of peripheral emergence, make a review of the empirical researches on regional peripheralization in Europe and analyze the quantitative indicators of European periphery’s dynamics. The conclusion is made that there is a strong tendency toward the emergence of new growth poles to the east of "Blue Banana", the traditional European economic spine.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ihor Lishchynskyy Mariia Lyzun Vitalina Kuryliak Savelyev Yevhen Copyright (c) 2019 Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 2020-01-05 2020-01-05 41 4 527 536 10.15544/mts.2019.43 COMPLEX PROCEDURE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STRATEGY OF COMPETITIVENESS ENSURING OF UKRAINE’S AGRARIAN SECTOR https://ejournals.vdu.lt/index.php/mtsrbid/article/view/863 <p>The article defines the sequence of assessing the competitiveness factors of the agricultural sector (economic, international, political and legal, technological, social and natural climatic). The scientific approaches to the formation of the mechanism of the strategy realization of ensuring the competitiveness of the agrarian sector of Ukraine are substantiated. In the internal environment of such a mechanism is an interconnected complex of basic components and subordinate elements that reflect the specifics of modern market concepts in agricultural production aimed at ensuring the effective development of the agricultural sector and ensuring food security of the country. An integrated system for managing the competitiveness of the agricultural sector contributes to economic activities, improving product quality and ensuring food security.</p> Oksana Haidai Mariia Bahorka Larisa Satyr Nataliia Bondarchuk Nataliia Yurchenko Copyright (c) 2019 Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 2020-01-05 2020-01-05 41 4 537 546 10.15544/mts.2019.44 TRUMPŲJŲ MAISTO TIEKIMO GRANDINIŲ ORGANIZAVIMO PRIELAIDOS https://ejournals.vdu.lt/index.php/mtsrbid/article/view/906 <p>Straipsnyje &nbsp;sprendžiama trumposios maisto tiekimo grandinės (TMTG) organizavimo problema, siekiama išanalizuoti pagrindines trumpųjų maisto tiekimo grandinių organizavimo prielaidas Lietuvoje. Taikant mokslinės literatūros, statistinių duomenų analizės ir sintezės, dokumentų analizės, gerosios praktikos pavyzdžių analizės, sugretinimo ir kitus metodus, nustatytos TMTG organizavimo prielaidos. TMTG organizavimo teorinės prielaidos: TMTG organizavimo samprata ir vertinimas; ūkininkų supažindinimas su TMTG plėtojimo gerąja praktika; Europos inovacijų partnerystės (EIP) ir kitų projektų patirtis; vietos bendruomenių įsitraukimas kuriant paramos sistemas; tiesioginių pardavimų kultūra; šalyje plėtojamos ūkininkų rinkos; maisto produktų rinkos dykumėjimas; bendrakūros procesas; TMTG organizavimo principai ir kita. TMTG organizavimo prielaidos Lietuvoje: šalyje vyraujančios maisto tiekimo grandinės; maisto švaistymo mąstas; žemės ūkio produkcijos perdirbimas ūkininkų ūkiuose; parduodamas žemės ūkio ir maisto&nbsp; produktų kiekis ūkininkų turguose ir kita.</p> Vilma Atkočiūnienė Gintarė Vaznonienė Ilona Kiaušienė Rasa Pakeltienė Copyright (c) 2019 Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 2020-01-05 2020-01-05 41 4 547 560 10.15544/mts.2019.45 COACHING IN BALTIC STATES (LITHUANIA, LATVIA AND ESTONIA): A EUROPEAN SURVEY https://ejournals.vdu.lt/index.php/mtsrbid/article/view/446 <p class="Pa5" style="text-align: justify; text-indent: 36.0pt; line-height: normal; margin: 6.0pt 0cm 6.0pt 0cm;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">The goal of this paper is to present received part of the data from the research about coaching situation in Lithuania in comparison with Baltic States and European countries. The whole survey was done by researchers from 45 European countries in 31 languages and approaching around 3000 participants of various roles – coaches, mentors, managers and leaders. It was done in 2018, in 31 languages, ranging from English, Spanish, French and German, to Greek, Catalan and Serbian. <span style="color: black;">The aim of the research was to explore the nature of coaching and mentoring practices across Europe and Baltic States, and understand of the development of best practices.</span></span></p> <p class="Pa5" style="text-align: justify; text-indent: 36.0pt; line-height: normal; margin: 6.0pt 0cm 6.0pt 0cm;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">This survey was publicized through established coaching federations and management bodies, as well as online through social media interest groups. In total, approximately 100 organizations committed to sharing the research link with their members or to publishing details of the research on their website. </span></p> <p class="Pa5" style="text-align: justify; text-indent: 36.0pt; line-height: normal; margin: 6.0pt 0cm 6.0pt 0cm;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">Here is presented a part of the data about coaching situation in Lithuania as there is a big need of such researches. C<span style="color: #333333; background: white;">ross-cultural comparison of coaching practice in Lithuania and other countries in Europe doesn’t exists at all as well as situation analysis of coaching specialists, their qualification, their commitment to local chapters, continuous development or their adherence to ethical codes of practices.</span></span></p> <p class="Pa5" style="text-align: justify; text-indent: 36.0pt; line-height: normal; margin: 6.0pt 0cm 6.0pt 0cm;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">Results shows that coaching situation in Lithuania is quite similar to European countries. It is still developing area and more and more becomes taken for granted, the coaches in Lithuania are high-educated specialists who spares a lot of time for self-development, that they still need to have supervisions and that individual coaching is more popular than organizational at the moment, and that strong regulation of coaching profession and specialists is still required.</span></p> Jonathan Passmore Aiste Dromantaite Hazel Brown Copyright (c) 2019 Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 2020-01-05 2020-01-05 41 4 561 575 10.15544/mts.2019.46 ŽALIO PIENO VIDAUS RINKOS STRUKTŪRA IR KONCENTRACIJA LIETUVOJE https://ejournals.vdu.lt/index.php/mtsrbid/article/view/930 <p>The study addresses the problem of assessing raw milk market concentration on both sides – supply and demand – when researchers have very limited information on sales and purchases of milk producers (i.e. sellers), dairy manufacturers and other raw milk resellers (i.e. buyers) at the individual level. Based on abstract modelling, the normalized Lorenz curve, comparative analysis of the concentration ratio (RC) and the Herfindahl-Hirschman index (HHI) and their dynamics, a hypothetical model of structural elements of raw milk market was developed, and concentration level on Lithuanian domestic raw milk market was determined. The empirical findings show that, on the one hand, the supply of raw milk on the domestic market is deconcentrated and that unassociated cooperatives do not create real producers’ bargaining power on the market. On the other hand, high values of RC6 allow for classifying this market as oligopsony market, with an almost stable concentration of buyers (the concentration has slightly decreased after the 2009 economic crisis).</p> Vlada Vitunskienė Copyright (c) 2019 Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 2020-01-05 2020-01-05 41 4 576 588 10.15544/mts.2019.47 MOTIVATING EMPLOYEES OF THE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTON: CASE STUDY OF ACADEMIC TEACHERS https://ejournals.vdu.lt/index.php/mtsrbid/article/view/635 <p>One of the most significant managerial functions is motivating which leads to the implementation of the particular organizational objectives, to shaping of engagement and loyalty of its members and, consequently, to the raising effectiveness of their actions. The properly constructed solutions in the area of employee motivating process may result in the several benefits for the organization, which is true also for the public institutions including the academic ones, which employ a specific group – academic teachers. The aim of the herein study was the identification of the factors which have an impact on the motivation of academic teachers employed in the higher education institution. The research was conducted with the questionnaire survey among the academic employees of the University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland. The conducted survey concludes that the motivation of employees is affected by various factors, mostly concerning the remuneration for work and also with the self-development possibilities, stability of employment, interpersonal relations, and effective communication. It is vital and worth to use the knowledge about them for improving the quality and efficiency of the organization.</p> Sylwia Stachowska Iwona Czaplicka-Kozłowska Copyright (c) 2019 Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 41 4 589 599 10.15544/mts.2019.48